4-CL-PVP, also known as 4-Chloro-alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone, is a synthetic stimulant belonging to the pyrrolidine class of compounds. It is a relatively new designer drug that has gained popularity in recent years due to its psychoactive effects, and is often sold online and in head shops.
The chemical structure of 4-CL-PVP consists of a pyrrolidine ring attached to a phenyl ring, with a ketone and a chloride group attached to the alpha carbon of the pyrrolidine ring. It has a molecular weight of 265.77 g/mol and a molecular formula of C15H20ClNO.
4-CL-PVP is a crystalline powder that is usually white or light yellow in color. It has a melting point of 148-149°C and a boiling point of 380.7±42.0°C at 760 mmHg. It is soluble in water, ethanol, and methanol, and has a solubility of 5.34 g/L in water at 25°C.
Effects and Pharmacology
The exact mechanism of action of 4-CL-PVP is not well understood, but it is believed to work by inhibiting the reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine, two important neurotransmitters in the brain. This leads to an increase in their concentration in the synaptic cleft, resulting in increased stimulation of the central nervous system.
4-CL-PVP is known for its stimulating and euphoric effects, and is often used as a recreational drug. Its effects are similar to those of other stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines, and include increased energy, alertness, and sociability. It can also cause feelings of euphoria and enhanced self-esteem. However, it also has negative side effects, such as increased heart rate, hypertension, and anxiety.
In many countries, including the United States and Canada, 4-CL-PVP is a controlled substance and is illegal to possess, sell, or manufacture. In other countries, it is legal to possess or sell for research purposes, but not for human consumption.
In conclusion, 4-CL-PVP is a synthetic stimulant that has gained popularity in recent years due to its psychoactive effects. It works by inhibiting the reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine, leading to increased stimulation of the central nervous system. It is known for its stimulating and euphoric effects, but also has negative side effects and is illegal in many countries.